Oct 26, 2020  
2011-2012 University Catalog 
    
2011-2012 University Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses


 
  
  •  

    AC 101 - Elementary Arabic I


    Students in this course will develop the ability to use Arabic functionally and communicatively in context. This course will include intensive oral interaction with the instructor and fellow students. The basics of the writing system and Arabic phonology will also be covered.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AC 102 - Elementary Arabic II


    Developing further language ability through learning how to perform certain functions orally and using them with fellow students, as well as reading and writing passages reflecting their abilities.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: AC 101 or permission of instructor)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AD 100 - Developing Academic Success


    This course is designed to assist students with demonstrated academic needs including but not limited to students on academic probation. The course will focus on the development of skills necessary for academic success such as time management, study skill, approaching faculty for assistance, and using campus resources. The course Will also serve as a support group so that students can learn from peers and recognize common issues.
    1 class hr

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    AD 105 - Developing Professional Behaviors


    Through reading, writing, in-class presentations, and other projects, students will increase their knowledge of ethics, decision making, personal planning, resource utilization, and professional communication skills.
    1 class hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Not offered every semester)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    AN 101 - Introduction to Anthropology and Health Behavior


    Introduces theories and methods in cultural, biological, and medical anthropology. These approaches are applied to health promotion, illness prevention, and medical treatment in developing countries as well as in the United States.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Not offered after 2008)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 103 - Introduction to Anthropology


    This is a survey-level introduction to anthropology, which can be defined as the holistic study of the human species. The course uses the four subfields of anthropology—biological, cultural, linguistic, and archeological—to understand the diversity of the human species in time and space.
    3 class hrs

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 201 - Health and Societies


    This course provides an anthropological perspective of how our development as a species, and our existence as societies of people living in different places and times, affects our health, how we get sick, and how we interpret these conditions. It includes units on human evolution, cross cultural healthcare, anthropology and international health, and culturally competent health communication.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: 2nd-year status, and BS 104, BS 131, AN 101, AN 103, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 202 - Forensic Anthropology (cross-listed as FS 202)


    This course presents techniques and perspectives that biological anthropologists bring to investigations involving human remains (forensic). Topics include human osteology, the recovery of bodies, the analysis of life history, the reconstruction of causes of death, and various case studies where anthropologists have contributed significantly to solving forensic cases. Discussions will include the limitations of forensic anthropology and the application of DNA recovery to skeletal/mummified materials.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: 2nd-year status and BS 104, BS 131, AN 101, AN 103, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 301 - Medical Anthropology


    The course surveys the field of medical anthropology, which is commonly viewed as a branch of socio-cultural anthropology that intersects with the concerns of biological (physical) anthropology, medicine, and public health. The course also explores how medical anthropology addresses social issues such as health disparities and culturally competent healthcare.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: AN 101, AN 103, EC 101, PS 101, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 314 - Peoples and Cultures of Latin America


    This course is an anthropological introduction to the history and culture of Latin America. The lectures, films, readings, and museum exhibits will explore issues such as indigenous identities, political and human rights struggles, and health and healing. Since this is a course in anthropology we will examine ethical debates regarding anthropological research in the region. We will also explore transnational migration as an economic survival strategy for many Latin Americans.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: AN 103, EC 101, PS 101, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 399 - Independent Study in Anthropology


    Available to students to work on a community-based or cross-cultural research project, or more in-depth reading, under the direction of a faculty member in the department. May be taken more than once, for one, two, or three credits. 
    1 to 3 class hrs

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    AN 498 - Directed Research in Anthropology


    Independent research opportunities in anthropology are available to self-directed, motivated students to expand their knowledge in an area of particular interest under the direction of a faculty member of the department. The student must plan the study with the faculty member during the semester preceding the semester in which the study is to begin. Preparation of an acceptable research paper and annotated bibliography is required. In-depth knowledge of the area selected will be expected.
    Regular meetings with instructor

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: an introductory anthropology course [e.g., AN 101 or AN 103], a research methodology course, and permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AR 101 - Art Appreciation


    Art exploration and discussion of the various periods, time, and artists in the history of art.
    3 class hrs

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AR 201 - Drawing


    An introduction to the principles of drawing.
    3 class hrs

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AR 340 - Special Topics in Art


    Topics explore art, photography, art history, art theory, studio art, performance art, or a related interdisciplinary combination.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: WR 101 or EN 102)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 200 - Bioinformatics Colloquium


    Introduction to careers in bioinformatics and related disciplines. Survey of bioinformatic-related faculty research projects and directed research opportunities at the University.
    1 class hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Required for all second-year bioinformatics students)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BI 290 - Molecular Biology


    The fundamentals of molecular biology and biotechnology will be presented with a special emphasis on how bioinformatics is related to these disciplines. The structure and function of DNA, RNA, and proteins will be reviewed, including an understanding of how the flow of genetic information is expressed and processed.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Students must be enrolled in the undergraduate bioinformatics program)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 385 - Microbial Genomics


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning microbial genomes. Fundamental and advanced concepts in the study of genomes from bacteria and bacteriophages will be presented. Students will be exposed to modern genome bioinformatic research areas. An analysis of microbial pathogenesis, metabolism, and evolution will be examined relative to current genomic research.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prererquisite: BS 240 or BS 241)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 395 - Independent Study in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to allow undergraduate students to perform independent study in a subdiscipline of bioinformatics under the guidance of a faculty member in the bioinformatics program. This course may be taken in multiple semesters.
    Variable hours depending on credits.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: instructor’s permission)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BI 400 - Bioinformatics Seminar


    This capstone course is designed to allow undergraduate students to investigate and to learn about current topics in bioinformatics. A major portion of the course will be formal oral presentations by students on articles in the primary scientific literature. Students will be expected to critically evaluate research data for their own presentations and from the presentations given by fellow students.
    1 class hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BI 425 - Bioinformatic Computing


    This course is designed to provide students the fundamentals of the popular Linux operating systems that are widely used in modern bioinformatics research. A variety of topics including file and system management, text editors, and other applications will be introduced, along with fundamentals of Perl programming language. This course will be taught as a combination of lecture and extensive hands-on exercises.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 450 - Bioinformatics I


    An in-depth analysis of genome structure and analysis will be presented. DNA/protein sequence analysis software will be used extensively to model and predict molecular genetic structure-function relationships in both microbial and eukaryotic systems. Sequence database searching and web-based bioinformatic tools will be used to understand problems in genomics.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BI 290, BS 466, and CS 202, or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 451 - Bioinformatics II


    A first course in algorithms, with applications to bioinformatics, and with implementation using the C programming language. Topics include applications of exhaustive search and greedy algorithms (sequence motifs, genome rearrangements, clustering, and tree construction), dynamic programming methods, sequence alignment, and graph-theoretic algorithms.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 465 - Microarray Technology


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning microarray technology. Fundamental and advanced concepts in microarray design, construction, utilization, and analysis will be addressed. The course will be taught as a combination of lecture and computer-based data analysis.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 475 - Proteomics


    This course will cover a variety of proteomic topics with a special focus on protein structure determination and prediction. Widely used experimental techniques such as mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray, as well as computational techniques, will be presented. The course will be taught as a combination of lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on exercises.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 490 - Special Topics in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to give students the opportunity to explore current topics in bioinformatics. The specific topic will rotate on an annual basis. Topics may include functional genomics and microarray analysis, proteomics, molecular phylogenetics, and advanced computer programming in bioinformatics.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 495 - Directed Research in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to allow undergraduate students to perform independent research in a subdiscipline of bioinformatics under the guidance of a faculty member in the bioinformatics program. This course may be taken in multiple semesters.
    4 to 12 lab/workstation hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: instructor’s permission)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BI 725 - Advanced Bioinformatic Computing


    This course will present fundamental theory and implementation of advanced computing techniques used in bioinformatics. Methods covered will include multithreading, parallel (cluster) computing, grid computing, and acceleration using vector and graphics processors.
    3 class hrs

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 745 - Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics


    This course will present fundamental concepts of molecular evolution and a survey of the computational algorithms that are employed to construct phylogenetic trees and to estimate pertinent biological data from phylogenetic reconstruction.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 755 - Advanced Probability for Bioinformatics


    This course will present concepts and methods of advanced probability theory with application to problems in bioinformatics. Topics will include Bayesian probability and statistics, stochastic methods, information theory, and a variety of probabilistic inference methods.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: ST 310 and BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 765 - Microarray Technology


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning microarray technology. Fundamental and advanced concepts in microarray design, construction, utilization, and analysis will be addressed. The course will be taught as a combination of lecture and computer-based data analysis. The course will give students experience in working with microarrays with hands-on exercises and experimental projects.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 775 - Proteomics


    This course will cover a variety of proteomic topics with a special focus on protein structure determination and prediction. Widely used experimental techniques such as mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray, as well as computational techniques, will be presented. The course will be taught as a combination of lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on exercises.
    3 lecture hrs

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 780 - Advanced Systems Analysis and Design for Bioinformatics


    This course focuses on the design and implementation of web-based bioinformatics applications. Topics include relational database management and SQL; fundamentals of HTML, XML, and style sheets; client/server programming using PHP, JavaScript, and mySQL; and basic AJAX techniques. Students will develop complete client/server projects in the course of the semester.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 785 - Advanced Algorithms for Bioinformatics


    This course will cover advanced theory in the areas of chemical and biological informatics. It is intended primarily for seniors and graduate students who will be going on to careers in industrial or academic research. A variety of topics will be covered, ranging from methods to support construction and application of combinatorial chemical libraries to applications of algorithmic information theory and prediction of three-dimensional protein structure from peptide sequence. Specific topics will depend on the interests of the instructor.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 780)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 790 - Project in Bioinformatics


    In this course, the student will select a real-world bioinformatics problem to solve in collaboration with a mentor in industry or academia. The student will devise a solution in cooperation with the mentor and independently implement it. The student will be encouraged to develop a contemporary approach using web-based tools. May be taken for two semesters.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: status as a matriculated student in the graduate bioinformatics program and permission of instructor)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BI 860 - Special Topics in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed for the exploration of specific topics in the field of bioinformatics. Subject areas will usually be cutting-edge topics in the field or an in-depth examination of a specific subdiscipline in bioinformatics. Different course formats may be used including lecture, seminar, or laboratory.
    2–3 class hrs

    Credits: 2 to 3
  
  •  

    BI 898 - Graduate Seminar


    Current literature topics and research in bioinformatics will be analyzed in writing and presented orally.
    1 class hr

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 101 - Biological Sciences Orientation


    Introduction to the biological sciences, including current developments and future prospects. Designed to prepare students for current studies and future careers. Required for all first-year biology, environmental science, and microbiology students; open to all interested students.
    1 class hr

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 103 - General Biology I


    Basic principles of biology with emphasis on the scientific method, cellular structure and function, cellular respiration, cellular division, protein synthesis, metabolism, and genetics.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 104 - General Biology II


    A continuation of basic principles of biology with emphasis on evolution, morphology, and diversity of organisms within the three domains in life, ecology, animal behavior, and environmental biology.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 103)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 130 - Introductory Biology I


    An introduction to basic biological principles including molecular biology, cell biology, energetics, plant biology, plant diversity, and Mendelian and molecular genetics.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 131 - Introductory Biology II


    Continuation of BS130; study of basic biological systems with emphasis on evolution, the classification and diversity of organisms, and plant and animal structure and life processes.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 130)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 200 - Animal Diversity and Morphology


    An introduction to the natural history, diversity, and functional anatomy of animals, stressing the theme of evolution.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 204 - Biological Sciences Colloquium


    Preparation for careers in biology, microbiology, environmental science, and the health professions; introduction to faculty research. Required for all second-year students in biological sciences; open to all interested students.
    1 class hr

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 205 - Human Structure and Function I


    Organization of the human body and histology. Students will examine the histology, gross anatomy, and function of organs of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 206 - Human Structure and Function II


    Continuation of BS 205 - Human Structure and Function I. Organization of the human body and histology. Students will examine the histology, gross anatomy, and function of organs of the circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and excretory systems.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 205)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 207 - Human Structure and Function I Laboratory


    Organization of the human body and histology, microscopic examination of tissues and organs, followed by a study of the gross anatomy of the muscular and skeletal system.
    3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 205 or BS 310 or concurrent enrollment in either course)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 208 - Human Structure and Function II Laboratory


    Continuation of BS 207 - Human Structure and Function I Laboratory. A study of the organization and histology of the human circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and excretory systems.
    3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 206 or BS 311 or concurrent enrollment in either)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 209 - Basic Nutrition


    A basic course in understanding nutrition and its implications in the maintenance of good health.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 212 - Functional Human Anatomy and Histology


    A systems-oriented study of human anatomy incorporating histological support for macro- and microstructure and function.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 218 - Hematology (cross-listed as MT 218)


    Study of the blood and blood-forming tissues with emphasis on the cellular morphology and hematopoietic mechanisms of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Also covers a wide variety of clinical disorders, particularly those involving abnormally formed cellular elements and coagulation.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 220 - Plant Diversity and Morphology


    A study of the diversity that exists within the plant kingdom. Topics include evolutionary trends, functional anatomy, and ecological influences.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 222 - Economic Botany


    A basic biological and chemical coverage of plants of economic importance. Emphasis on description and display as well as constituents, distribution, processing, marketing, and use.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 240 - Basics of Microbiology


    The biology of microorganisms and their roles in the living world. The lecture emphasizes microbial structure, growth, metabolism, and diversity. The laboratory presents standard methods for laboratory isolation and culture of microorganisms, as well as microbial identification.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 241 - Microbiology


    Introduction to classification and control of microorganisms. Emphasis is placed on microbial diseases and their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, and treatments of choice. This course is designed for pharmacy majors.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131 or equivalent)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 270 - Evolutionary Biology


    Principles of evolution and the study of the forces that drive change in populations and organisms.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 276 - Introduction to Environmental Science


    This is an introductory course in environmental science. It is intended for any student who wants to gain a background in the major environmental issues of our present time. It will cover the issues of world population expansion, sustainability, and basic ecological principles in the context of energy issues, water and mineral resource issues, biodiversity, agricultural issues, and suburban sprawl. Pollution of the air we breathe and the water we drink will also be discussed. We will also examine the issues of solid waste disposal and the economics of environmental issues.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 131 or BS 104)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 277 - Introduction to Environmental Science Laboratory


    This is the laboratory component for the introductory course in environmental science. It is intended for any student who wants to gain a background in the major environmental issues of our present time. It will cover the issues of early industrialization of the United States, brownfields, landfills, sewage treatment plants, mining, and stream assessment, and students will visit a variety of habitats located in the Mid-Atlantic region.
    4 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 131 or BS 104; corequisites: BS 276 and permission of instructor)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 280 - Comparative Animal Physiology


    Study of organ and system functions in major invertebrate and vertebrate phyla.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 301 - Ethical Issues in Biological Sciences


    Students explore fundamental ethical issues relevant to the biological sciences. Emphasis will be on ethical dilemmas presented, and debated or discussed, to foster analytical and empathetic thinking within varied contexts. These contexts will include federal regulation and oversight; politico-legal perspectives (including civil liberties); human, wildlife, and ecological health and safety; and the public “right to know.”
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequsite: 2nd year undergraduated year or higher)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 304 - Toxic Natural Products


    Description and recognition, distribution and habitat, and toxic characteristics of potentially hazardous plants and animals, and the clinical management of intoxication with such substances.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 305 - Animal Behavior


    An introduction to the proximate causes and ultimate consequences of behavioral strategies used by individuals within a population. Specific questions concerning the behavior of individuals and populations of individuals are explored in a mechanistic and evolutionary context.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and permission of instructor)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 308 - Human Parasitology


    Survey of the geographic distribution, incidence, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, and immunology of important parasitic diseases in humans. Emphasis is placed on relationship of culture and social customs to the life cycles of the parasites. Class discussions and presentations will focus on ethical implications of diagnoses, as well as related Western interventions in developing countries.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112 or CH 109)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 310 - Anatomy and Physiology I


    A systemic approach to the structure and function of the human. Organ systems studied include the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 102 or CH 112 or CH 109)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 311 - Anatomy and Physiology II


    Continuation of BS 310; systemic approach to the structure and function of the human. Organ systems studied include endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 310)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 318 - Biology of Aging


    Study of the aging process, including the role of evolution and genetics, systems review, probable causes, and major consequences of aging.
    3 class hrs.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 212 or BS 311 and one of CH 340, CH 341, or CH 346)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 326 - Plant Physiology


    Study of metabolism, development, water relations, and mineral nutrition of higher plants with molecular, cellular, and organismal considerations.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 336 - Pharmacognosy


    Chemistry, biosynthesis, and activity of medicinal substances of natural origin. Emphasis on natural products having clinical, ecological, agricultural, and forensic importance.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 202 or CH 212)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 342 - Advanced Microbiology


    An advanced-level continuation of BS 240 - Basics of Microbiology. The topics presented in lecture and laboratory are designed to prepare the student for a career in microbiology and to provide an overview of techniques applicable to contemporary microbial research.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 347 - Applied Microbiology


    Industrial applications of microbiology are emphasized. Covers methods for microbial fermentation; harvesting and processing of microbial products in food processing; and microbiological quality control methods for food, water, and commercial products.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 348 - Clinical Microbiology (cross-listed as MT 348)


    A survey of the various bacteria that cause human infections. The type of infection caused, portal of entry, molecular basis of the infection process, treatment, and laboratory identification are discussed for each group of organisms.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 355 - Clinical Immunology


    Basic principles and types of immunity. Consideration of transplantation, AIDS, hypersensitivity, and tumor immunology of the human. Laboratory methods of serodiagnosis of disease and blood and tissue typing are emphasized.
    2 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 358 - Principles and Applications of Immunology


    Study of the principles and mechanisms of immunology and their applications to infection, hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, transplantation, cancer and AIDS.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 212)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 372 - Aquatic Biology


    A lecture and field course concerning the biological, physical, and chemical aspects of freshwater ecosystems. Includes collection, preservation, and recognition of aquatic organisms other than vertebrates and thestudy of those aspects of their biology that are important adaptations to aquatic life.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and permission of instructor)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 375 - Environmental Microbiology


    Discussion of the role of microorganisms in global ecology and environmental quality, including methods of study, isolation, and analysis; relevant physical/biological chemistry; and applications of microbes to waste management, pest control, bioremediation, and ore leaching.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 240 or BS 241, and CH 202 or CH 212)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 377 - Ecology


    Consideration of the interaction of living organisms with the environment. Aquatic, terrestrial, and marine systems are examined.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and permission of instructor)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 399 - Independent Study in Biological Sciences


    Available to motivated students to expand their knowledge in an area of particular interest under the direction of a member of the department. Student and faculty member usually plan a project prior to the semester in which the study is to begin.
    Variable hours, depending on credits
    1 conference hr/study time

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor and department chair; may be elected more than once)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BS 410 - Principles of Forensic Pathology (cross-listed as FS 410)


    Forensic pathology is the study of how and why people die. This course will provide foundational understanding of primary pathological findings in the physical, environmental, and social contexts that are used to explain and define cause of death diagnoses in a courtroom.
    2 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 311, BS 412, or PC 302)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 412 - Human Physiology


    Examination of critical concepts in human physiology from an integrative perspective common to current biomedical disciplines. Levels of organization within and between classical systems include skeletomuscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and digestive systems. Recommended for pre-professional students.
    4 lecture hrs 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 104 or BS 131, and CH 204 or CH 212, and PY 200 or PY 202 or PY 205 or PY 212)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 420 - Ethnobotany


    The study of the interactions of various human cultures with plants in the local environment. Topics on the use of plants in medicinal, ritual, and cultural contexts by various aboriginal cultures will be addressed.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 425 - Neuroscience (cross-listed as PT 425)


    A study of the basic principles and concepts related to the nervous system. The development and changes of the nervous system, and subsequently the individual, across the life span provides the foundation for understanding brain behavior relationships. Emphasis is placed on the role of the nervous system in normal physiologic function with particular emphasis on sensorimotor behavior. Neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and an introduction to neuropathology are included.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 311 or BS 412)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 440 - Environmental Toxicology


    Courses covers the physiological and systemic interaction of environmental pollutants with plants and animals.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 280 or BS 311 or PC 302; CH 341 is desirable)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 450 - Virology


    The study of bacterial, plant, and animal viruses is presented with an emphasis on animal virology. Viral taxonomy, mechanisms of viral reproduction and replication, and the pathology of selected viral families are presented.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 240 or BS 241, and CH 341)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 453 - Microbial Physiology


    Survey of bacterial morphology, factors affecting growth characteristics of bacterial populations, biosynthetic processes, and biochemical and genetic factors that control these processes. Mechanisms of antibiotic activity, development of resistance, and methods of antibiotic testing are also covered.
    3 lecture hrs/3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 240 or BS 241, and CH 342 or CH 343)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 455 - Infection and Immunity


    This course examines the interaction between a host and pathogens and the environmental factors that influence the outcome of this interaction. Students will read, analyze, and discuss primary literature in the field of microbial infection and host immunity.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 240 or BS 241, and one of PY 200, PY 202, or PY 205; pre- or corequisites: CH 340 or CH 341 or CH 346)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 456 - Immunobiology


    Course covers basic principles of immunology with emphasis on the chemistry and genetics of immunogens and antibodies, as well as the molecules and cells involved in immune responses. Transplantation and possible alternatives, tumor immunology, AIDS, allergies, psychoneuroimmunology, and reproductive immunology are discussed.
    4 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 240 or BS 241, and one of CH 340, CH 341, or CH 346)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 461 - Cell Biology


    Analysis of the cell at all levels of organization, which includes consideration of techniques used in the study of cells.
    3 lecture/3–4 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: CH 202 or CH 212)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 466 - Genetics


    Course covers fundamental concepts, principles, and applications of microbial, classical, and molecular genetics.
    3 lecture/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: CH 341, CH 347, or CH 340)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 471 - Environmental Law


    Major environmental legislation at both state and federal levels; problems of regulation. Required course for environmental science majors; open to all other qualified students.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: EC 101 or PO 101)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 472 - Principles of Environmental Risk Assessment


    Study of factors relating to environmental risk assessment in a variety of situations. Emphasis on the methodology of risk assessment. Required of environmental science majors; open to all other qualified students.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 276 or BS 377)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 475 - Molecular Biology


    Study of molecular biology concepts and techniques. Topics include biochemical basis of macromolecular structure, maintenance of the genome, gene expression, gene regulation, and current molecular biology techniques.
    3 lecture hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 466)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 476 - Molecular Biology Laboratory


    Application of molecular biology techniques. Topics include purification, analysis, and manipulation of biological macromolecules, expression of proteins in different cell systems, and interaction studies.
    1 lecture hr/3 lab hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 475 or CH 342 or CH 356)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 490 - Special Topics in Biology


    Bioscience topics of special interest not included in regular courses are offered by a faculty member of the department. Students are expected to have motivation and self-direction greater than would normally be required in a regular course.
    2 to 3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor; may be elected more than once)
    (Offered if sufficient student interest exists)

    Credits: 2 to 3
  
  •  

    BS 493 - Biological Sciences Seminar I


    Reports and seminars on topics of current biological interest presented by students or outside speakers. Depending on the instructor, topic may be one of student’s or instructor’s choice. Required of all senior biological sciences majors; open to all qualified students.
    1 class hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: 10 credits in biology beyond the introductory level)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 494 - Biological Sciences Seminar II


    Continuation of BS 493 - Biological Sciences Seminar I. Students will integrate knowledge and ideas within biology and across other fields.
    1 class hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 493)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 499 - Directed Research in Biological Sciences


    Independent research for motivated students under the direction of a faculty member of the department. Provides experience in principles and process of the scientific method and biological research. Student and faculty must plan a project prior to the semester in which the research is to begin.
    3 to 12 laboratory hrs plus 1 conference hr

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor and department chair; may be elected more than once)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BS 704 - Animal Developmental Biology


    Analysis of the basic phenomena and patterns of animal development from fertilization through the formation of the major organs. The student will use current literature to develop an understanding of the cellular and molecular processes that regulate animal embryonic development.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: genetics and cell biology)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 716 - Neuromuscular Physiology


    An analysis of the development and physiology of the motor and sensory portions of the nervous system and of muscle contraction.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 722 - Chemotaxonomy


    Includes contemporary concepts of classification of plants in chemical families and the relationship of new classification systems to classical taxonomy.
    3 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 724 - Plant Biochemistry


    This course covers the biosynthetic mechanisms of the plant and biogenesis of alkaloids, steroids, glycosides, volatile oils, tannins, flavonoids, and other plant principles.
    2 class hrs

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: one semester of biochemistry)
    (Not offered every year)

    Credits: 2
 

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